|Overview of intelligence and law-enforcement agencies|
This page contains an (incomplete) overview of the various intelligence and law-enforcement agencies in the world. If possible, a link to their website is provided. This list is by no means complete and is only meant for providing information about agencies that are of interest in relation to cryptography or to other equipment listed on this web site.
|Contents of this page|
|ADIV||Algemene Dienst Inlichtingen en Veiligheid|
Belgian Military Intelligence Service operating under the authority of the Ministry of Defense. Known in Dutch as the Algemene Dienst Inlichtingen en Veiligheid (ADIV) and in French as theService Général du Renseignement et de la Sécurité (SGR). In English, the agency is often referred to as the General Intelligence and Security Service (GISS).
|SDRA||Service de Documentation, Renseignement et Action|
Secret department of the Belgian Military Intelligence Service ADIV that consisted of many different divisions. SDRA III dealt with counter-intelligence and counter-subversion.
|SGR||Service Général du Renseignement et de la Sécurité ADIV|
|VSSE||Veiligheid van de Staat, Sûreté de l'État|
Belgian State Security Service operating as a civilian agency under the authority of the Ministry of Justice.
|East Germany DDR|
|The German Democratic Republic, or GDR (German: Deutsche Demokratische Rebublik, or DDR), was one of the countries of the former Warsaw Pact. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, East Germany was reunited with West Germany the following year (1990). (Wikipedia)|
Department of the Stasi, responsible for foreign espionage. Between 1956 and 1986, the HVA was headed by the mysterious Markus Wolf.
|MfS||Ministerium für Staatssicherheit|
Ministery for State Security of the former DDR (East Germany); one of most effective and repressive intelligence and secret police agencies in the world. The agency is commonly known as Stasi, which is the abbreviation of Staats-Sicherheit, and had its headquarters in East-Berlin. The Stasi had strong ties with the Russian intelligence service KGB. (Wikipedia) (Wikipedia Germany)
|Abwehr||German Intelligence and Security Service between 1921 and 1944. During WWII, the Abwehr was part of the German Wehrmacht and was led by Admiral Canaris. The Abwehr was dissolved in 1944 due to incompetence and became part of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD).|
The BND (English: Federal Intelligence Service) is the German Foreign Intelligence Agency, established in 1956. The BND is known by the CIA by its code name CASCOPE. (Wikipedia) (Website)
|BSI||Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik|
Federal Office for Information Security. (Website)
|BfV||Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz|
Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (Website)
Official Secret Police of Mazi Germany and German-occupied Europe, established by Hermann Göring in 1933 and dissolved in 1945 at the end of WWII. It was considered a sister organisation of the SD. (Wikipedia)
|LfV||Landesämter für Verfassungsschutz (16 units)|
State Offices for the Protection of the Constitution (one in each of the federal states). The activities are coordinated by the BfV.
Military Counter-intelligence Service (Military Screening Service). (Website)
The SD was the Intelligence and Security Organisation of Hitler's political party, the NSDAP, from 1931 to 1945. Following the Nuremberg Trials after WWII had ended,, the SD was declared a criminal organisation. (Wikipedia)
Former name of the Dutch Security Agency. Established after WWII as BNV (Bureau Nationale Veiligheid, Bureau for National Security) on 29 May 1945. Renamed to CVD (Centrale Veiligheidsdienst, Central Security Agency) in April 1946. On 8 August 1949 the name was changed to BVD. On 29 May 2002, the agency was reorganized and renamed to AIVD.
|AIVD||Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst|
Dutch General Intelligence and Security Service. Successor to the BVD and active since the restructuring of 29 May 2002. (Website) (Wikipedia)
|GOVCERT||Government Computer Emergency Responce Team|
GOVCERT.nl is the Dutch center for cyber security. Since 1 January 2012 incorporated into the new NCSC.
|KLPD||Korps Landelijke Politiediensten|
Dutch National Police Services. (Website)
Intelligence and Security Service of the Dutch Royal Navy. In 1987 incorporated into the MID(now: MIVD).
|MID||Militaire Inlichtingendienst MIVD|
Dutch Military Intelligence Service, established in 1987 by merging the intelligence services of the Army, the Air Force and the Navy (MARID). Later renamed to MIVD.
|MIVD||Militaire Inlichtingen en Veiligheidsdienst|
Military Intelligence and Security Agency. (Website) (Wikipedia)
|NBV||Nationaal Bureau voor de Verbindingsbeveiliging|
Netherlands National Communications Security Agency (NLNCSA). Part of the AIVD. (Website)
|NCSC||Nationaal Cyber Security Centrum|
The Dutch National Cyber Security Center is a co-operation between private organisations and the Dutch Goverment. Its main goal is to improve (internet) cyber security and to intervene whenever necessary. Partners are the NCTV, the former GOVCERT.NL, the intellicence cerviceAIVD, the Dutch national police KLPD and various ministries. The NCSC is controlled by theNCTV. (Website)
|NCTb||Nationaal Coordinator Terrorismebestrijding NCTV|
Renamed to NCTV on 1 July 2011.
|NCTV||Nationaal Coordinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid|
National Coordinator for Counterterrorism and Security. Part of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice. Formerly called NCTb (before 1 July 2011). (Website)
|NSO||Nationale SIGINT Organisatie|
Dutch national organization for communication interception. (Website)
Radio Monitoring Service. Responsible for frequency spectrum monitoring, radio licences, and law enforcement against interference and clandestine frequency usage. Formerly known under a variety of names, including RCD, OCZ, and RDR.
(More...) (Website) (Wikipedia)
|RCD||Radio Controle Dienst AT|
Radio Monitoring Service of The Netherlands (now: AT). (More...)
Former national security authority of Norway. In 2003 succeeded by the NSM.
Norwegian National Security Authority, responsible for preventive national security, ICT security (NorCERT), internal and external threats. Established on 1 January 2003 as the successor to the FO/S. (Wikipedia) (Website)
|FRA||Försvarets Radio Anstalt|
Swedish National Defence Radio Establishment. Responsible for Signals Intelligence (COMINT, SIGINT, ELINT) and support for IT security to government authorities and state-owned copanies. (Wikipedia) (Website)
|Russia formerly: USSR|
The Cheka (Russian: ЧК) was the first Soviet state security organization, created by Lenin on 20 December 1917. Cheka, or VCheka (Vserossiyskaya Chrezvychaynaya Komissiaya), meansAll-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage. The emblem of the organization was shared with the KGB. In 1922 the organisation became part of the NKVD. It was officially dissolved in 1929. (Wikipedia)
|GRU||Glavonoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravlenye|
The GRU (Russian: ГРУ) is the current Russian Military Intelligence Service. It was established by Lenin on 21 October 1918 and still operational. At one point, the GRU was bigger than the Cheka (the predecessor of the KGB. Even today, the GRU has about 6 times as many agents as the SVR (the intelligence successor of the KGB). (Wikipedia)
|KGB||Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti|
National Security Agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 to 1991 (Committee for State Security). The KGB was established in 1954 as the direct successor to the Cheka, the NKGB and the MGB, and was a military service that dealt with foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, operative-investigatory activities, guarding the borders of the USSR and guarding the interests of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the KGB was split into the Federal Security Service (FSB) and the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR). (Wikipedia)
|NKVD||Narodnyy Komissariat Vnetrennikh Del|
People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs between 1934 and 1946. The NKVD was a law enforcement agency of the former Soviet Union that executed the rule of power of the Communist Party. It was closely associated with the Soviet Secret Police and is particularly known for its political repression and mass executions during Joseph Stalin's reign. (Wikipedia)
|SMERSH||Spetsyalnye Metody Razoblacheniya Shpyonov|
SMERSH (Russian: СМЕРШ) was the umbrella name of three independant Russian counter-intelligence agencies of the Red Army, between 1943 and 1946. The name SMERSH is an acronym which means 'Special Methods for Spy Detection'. Being operational during WWII, its main goal was to subvert German attempts to infiltrate the Red Army. (Wikipedia)
|SVR||Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki|
Russian Foreign Intelligence Service. It is the successor of the First Chief Directorate (PGU) of the former KGB. (Wikipedia)
|United Kingdom UK|
|GC&CS||Government Code & Cipher School|
UK agency responsible for codebreaking during WWII. Well-know for its activities on breakingEnigma and other ciphers at Bletchley Park. Later renamed to GCHQ.
|GCHQ||Government Communications Headquarters|
UK Intelligence Agency, responsible for Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and information insurance. Works with MI 5 and MI 6. (More...) (Website)
|MI 5||Security Service|
|MI 6||Secret Intelligence Service (SIS)|
|SIS||Secret Intelligence Service MI 6|
|United States of America USA|
|CIA||Central Intelligence Agency|
Independent US Goverment agency for gathering national security intelligence. (Website) (Wikipedia)
|FBI||Federal Bureau of Investigation|
US law enforcement agency. (Website) (Wikipedia)
|NRO||National Reconnaissance Office|
Responsible for the design, building and operation of the spy satellites of the US government. Based in Chantilly, Virginia (USA). (Other) (Wikipedia)
|NSA||National Security Agency|
Part of the American Department of Defense (DoD). Responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign intelligence, and for the protection of US Government communications. (More...) (Wikipedia) (Website)
|OSS||Office of Strategic Services|
The OSS was the principal intelligence agency of the US during WWII. It was established in 1942 and succeeded in 1945 by the CIA. (Wikipedia)
|USIA||United States Information Agency|
Former US Agency devoted to broadcasting 'public diplomacy', a.k.a. propaganda, at the hight of the Cold War. The agency existed from 1953 to 1999 and had four divisions. The agency also had a counter-intelligence department that performed bug-sweeps. (Wikipedia)